The name ‘corona virus’ is derived from Latin corona. Corona virus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. The meaning of corona is “crown” or “wreath”. The coronavirus family causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), according to the WHO. Human corona viruses were first discovered in the late 1960s. Latter in December 2019 it was spread at Wuhan in China. are circulating in animals and some of these coronaviruses have the capability of transmitting between animals and humans. Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.
Corona Virus is an RNA virus which has a lipid envelope studded with club-shaped projections. It typically infects birds and many mammals especially humans and includes the causative agents of MERS, SARS, and COVID-19. Older people and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness. These viruses were originally transmitted from animals to people. SARS, for instance, was transmitted from civet cats to humans. Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. Infected patients can be also asymptomatic, meaning they do not display any symptoms despite having the virus in their systems. In more severe cases, an infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death. There is some standard prevention to safe yourself from the corona virus. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol-based rub frequently and not touching your face.
They are regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing and maintain social distance at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. The WHO declared the virus a global pandemic on March 11 and said it was “deeply concerned by the alarming levels of spread and severity” of the outbreak. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.