Hazrat Imaam Abu Hanifa (R.A.)
Hazrat Abu Hanifa (R.A.) is the founder of Hanafi Majhab. His surname was Abu Hanifa. Since his name was Abu Hanifa and that is way his Majhab is introduced as Hanafi Majhab. Actually, his original name is Naman. His nickname was Abu Hanifa. He was known especially as Abu Hanifa. His father’s name was Sabbit. He was an Arabian.
He was born in 80 AH in Kufa and when he was around 70 years of age, he passed away in Baghdad in the year 150 AH. His family belonged to an illustrious and religiously influential lineage of Kabul (Afghanistan), which consisted of Zoroastrian priests of Kabul.
Abu Hanifa was a very meritorious, scholar and has sharp knowledge from his early childhood. mam Abu Hanifah was tall, had a broad and friendly face, fair and wheat brown complexion, full beard, pleasant appearance and was overall a clean, holy person. He was always considered to be content and patient person, full of wisdom and knowledge. As has been mentioned above, from a very young age, he had developed a relationship with his familial profession and could not give due attention to the sciences prevalent at the time.
As a profession, he chose the trade at first. Later on, he was inspired to acquire knowledge of the Quran and Sunnah by taking the suggestion of a great saint. When he was seventeen years old. He dedicated himself to acquire knowledge of the Quran and Sunnah by taking the suggestion of a great saint. When by taking the suggestion of a great saint. When he was seventeen years old, he dedicated himself to acquire knowledge of fundamental principles of Quran, sunnah, qiyas, izma etc. and achieved a perfect sense in this regard. He was fully absorbed in acquiring knowledge of fikah of principles. He had paramount qualities in every spheres of knowledge. He was a great saint, also a learned main his period. He kept constantly fasting for thirty years. He performed the pilgrimage (hajj) to mecca fifty-five times. He quotes to the principle of fikah. He established/ founded. ‘A fikah editing board’ with his forty talented students. He worked hard within 22 years in this regard. He established ‘the ilmul fikah’. As a complete shariah. He wrote a lot of books of Islamic sense. Some of his masterpieces are named: (a) musnad-e-abu hanifa (b) al-fiqtul akbar (c) osiyatu abu hanifa etc. he breathed his last (in 767 a.d.) hizri in 150.
When he passed away, he had about 50,000 investments from different people, which were returned after his demise. Nonetheless, Imam Abu Hanifah was very affluent and never experienced any financial problems.