Prevention and control of diseases depend on how communities deal with human feces. There is an old saying that “Prevention is better than cure. So, in order to keep our body healthy, we should prevent diseases before they attack us. Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and moderate in everything else, has been consistently found to be most beneficial. If you want to prevent diseases, you need to do certain things. To prevent diarrhea, wash your hands with soap before meals and after the toilet. Keep your nails short. To prevent yourself from skin diseases wash every day with soap and wash your clothes regularly. Don’t wear other people’s clothes and don’t use other people’s combs or towels. To prevent yourself from flu and TB, don’t spit and don’t cough over other people. Infectious diseases are a leading cause of illness and death around the world.
Again, we can prevent diseases by vaccinating ourselves against some diseases such as TB, Diphtheria, Whooping cough, Tetanus. Polio and Measles One cannot do this by himself. Because these have to be done at one’s very early age. Improving the quality of drinking water, ensuring proper sewage disposal, and providing more water for both personal and domestic hygiene are the keys to the prevention or control of major scourges such as diarrhoeal diseases (including cholera), typhoid, guinea worm disease, schistosomiasis, and giardiasis. So, parents should be cautious to ensure these injections and vaccines to their children.
Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:
- Wash your hands often. This is especially important before and after preparing food, before eating and after using the toilet.
- Use antibiotics sensibly. Take antibiotics only when prescribed.
- Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. Don’t go to work or class if you’re vomiting, have diarrhea, or are running a fever.
- Be smart about food preparation. Keep counters and other kitchen surfaces clean when preparing meals.
- Don’t share personal items. Use your own toothbrush, comb, or razor blade.
- Travel wisely. Don’t fly when you’re ill.
The most negative lifestyle behavior is smoking. Smoking contributes to the development of almost all diseases, notably cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and asthma. Exercise prevents a long list of diseases that can cause chronic or severe illness, disability, and even death, including cancer, heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, vascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and osteoporosis.