Journalism is an investigation and reporting of current world affairs which include fashion trends, political or general issue and events to a broad audience. Though there are various purposes for it, the most important aspect is the freedom of expression. The root of journalism comes from people’s right to have an opinion. Journalism is the quest for truth, precision and reasonableness in the recounting a story; journalists investigate an incident and attempt to uncover hidden truths, if any. Journalistic media include print, television, radio, Internet, and, in the past, newsreels. Concepts of the appropriate role for journalism vary between countries. In some nations, the news media are controlled by government intervention and are not fully independent. In others, the news media are independent of the government but instead operate as private industry motivated by profit. In addition to the varying nature of how media organizations are run and funded, countries may have differing implementations of laws handling the freedom of speech and libel cases. Today people depend on the press on being informed of what’s happening. The media plays a vital role in a democratic society. Journalism is for the ‘voice of a voiceless’ expressing opinions of all those in our society. It’s like a bridge between the authorities and people. Therefore its primary purpose is to make sure all citizens are aware of their rights. Oscar Wilde once stated “By giving us the opinion of the uneducated, journalism keeps us in touch with the ignorance of the community”.
Journalism has been around for centuries. Down the ages, we have been told of uprisings, natural disasters, manmade calamities, and human achievements by journalists. These fearless beings put themselves in the face of grave danger every day so that we remain enlightened about the state of affairs in the world. In would not be an overstatement to say that they are the ones who have truly contributed toward making the world a global village, thanks to their relentless pursuit of the truth beyond borders. The proliferation of the Internet and Smartphone’s has brought significant changes to the media landscape since the turn of the 21st century. This has created a shift in the consumption of print media channels, as people increasingly consume news through e-readers, Smartphone’s, and other personal electronic devices, as opposed to the more traditional formats of newspapers, magazines, or television news channels.