Every year on 29th June the United Nations (UN) observes as “International Day of the Tropics’. This day celebrates the extraordinary diversity of the tropics while highlighting unique challenges and opportunities nations of the Tropics face. The Tropics host 80 percent of the world’s biodiversity and face major threats including climate change, deforestation, urbanization & demographic changes. It provides an opportunity to take stock of progress around the tropics, share tropical stories and experiences, and acknowledge the region’s diversity and potential. The Earth’s regions that lie in the middle of the earth are called Tropics. The inaugural State of the Tropics Report was launched on 29th June 2014, as the culmination of the collaboration between twelve leading tropical research institutions. The report offers a unique perspective on this increasingly important region. Marking the anniversary of the report’s launch the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/70/267 in 2016, which declared that 29th June of each year is to be observed as the ‘International Day of the Tropics’. The Tropics account for 36 percent of the Earth’s landmass. It includes the Equator and parts of North and South America, Africa, Asia, and Australia. This region is warm all year round. The temperature in the Tropics ranges from 77 to 82 degrees F. The Tropics get a lot of sun and only have two seasons: the wet season and dry season.
Although topography and other factors contribute to climatic variation, tropical locations are typically warm and knowledge little seasonal change in day-to-day temperature. A vital feature of the Tropics is that the prevalence of rain within the moist inner regions nears the equator, which the seasonality of rainfall increases with the gap from the equator. The tropical region faces several challenges like global climate change, deforestation, logging, urbanization, and demographic changes. Some parts of the Tropics, just like the Amazon Basin, get nearly 9 feet of rain each year. Other areas, like the Sahara Desert, get only 2 to 10 centimeters of rain a year. This difference in precipitation affects which plants and animals board the various parts of the Tropics. The Tropics are important thanks to the quantity of economic exports come from these regions. Also, about 40 percent of the world’s population lives within the tropics. Tropical nations have made significant progress but face a range of challenges that demand focused attention across a variety of development indicators and data so as to attain sustainable development. Humans living within the Tropics face many challenges additionally. More people experience undernourishment within the Tropics than anywhere within the world. This is often per the upper levels of poverty in these regions. Also, more people board slums within the Tropics than within the remainder of the globe. The International Tropic Day was organized to raise awareness of the specific challenges faced by tropical nations, the far-reaching effects of the problems affecting the tropics of the world, and therefore the need to raise awareness in the slightest degree, and to highlight the significant role that tropical countries can play in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.