Introduction: A social issue or problem is an issue that has been recognized by society as a problem that is preventing society from functioning at an optimal level. It is important to understand that not all things that occur in society are raised to the level of social problems. Some of the common social issues which seem to have plagued in our society are child abuse, illiteracy, drug abuse, child trafficking, poverty, unemployment, gender disparity, and so on. It is really important for the nation to come together and take a stand against these problems.
Social issues affect every member of the society directly as well as indirectly. Some people considered the social issues as the issues or disputes which are linked to the people’s moral values.
Social Issues in the Society:
Social issues vary according to time, place people, etc. There are some common issues that affect society in a considerably negative way. Let us take a look at some of them.
Political Social Issues: Politics is a procedure in which some groups of people utilize their power and impact to function in an organized way for mutual decision making. It is also considered as one of the biggest social issues as the maximum number of verdicts declared by the governments might not essentially help the poor people in society. In fact, the leaders gratify their self-centered interests with the misuse of public funds.
Corruption: Corruption is a social issue which includes the misuse of authority in public and private services for personal gains. It is the root cause for all other social evils and backwardness in society. Though in our country is developing into a superpower, on the one hand, it is being pulled down on many grounds due to corruption. If the general public restrains from offering a bribe, then truthfulness and transparency would prevail in the administration. It requires a change from both the corrupted and affected people.
Dowry System: The dowry system has been affecting the women of society in many ways. Though many pioneers have worked to eradicate this social issue for several decades, it has also been prevalent in society. Some steps that help overcome this social issue includes economic freedom to women through inheriting family properties and employment. It requires the combined effort of both the offending and affected parties to root out this social evil.
Climate Change Social Issues: It is the alteration in the statistical dispersal of climate which might include the change in the weather or change in the amount of rainfall due to human activities like pollution. These social issues influence the patterns of weather in diverse areas.
One of the recent examples of this social issue is global warming which is instigated by human activities from the past several years. Altering patterns of climate influence economic activities like farming that result in poverty among the people who survive on it.
Poverty: It is the absence of general human requirements, like clean water, nutrition, health care, clothing and shelter, and education. This social issue occurs due to the lack of funds that can help in meeting the expenses of the daily needs.
Mainly, there are 2 kinds of poverty i.e., relative poverty and absolute poverty. In relative poverty, there are comparatively fewer resources or fewer funds in society in comparison to other societies of the world. On the other hand, Absolute poverty means when there are no resources.
Poverty is one of the biggest social issues as it decreases economic development owing to less production. At present, steady and constant economic growth of the nation has been inhibited by the absence of economic independence for numerous persons owing to related issues like political uncertainty, exploitation, as well as unemployment.
Child Labor: This social issue against children prevents the right of a child to enjoy its childhood and attend regular schooling. The inability of parents and selfishness of employers work together to promote child labor. Online help systems have been initiated to locate child laborers, rescue them, and provide relief from their suffering. The general public requires more awareness to eradicate this social issue.
Other Social Issues: Apart from the social issues listed above, there are a variety of social issues that affect various sections of society. They include terrorism, human rights issues, issues related to women like female foeticide, discrimination on status, jobs, and wages, etc., drug abuse, child abuse, unemployment, population explosion, unrestrained use of social media, etc.
Conclusion: All these social issues can only be solved through the mutual efforts of the people and the greater schemes introduced by the government. If these social issues are resolved correctly or even get reduced, it will directly show results on the development of the nation and thus the development of each citizen’s lifestyle. Solutions to Social issues can only be provided by educating and creating awareness among the people about the evil effects of the existing social issues.