On 18th June, ‘Word Sustainable Gastronomy Day’ recognizes the practices and principals related to sustainable food consumption combined with the art of collecting, preparing, and consuming the food we eat. Gastronomy is typically called the art of food. It also can check with a method of cooking from a specific region. In other words, gastronomy often refers to local food and cuisine. Sustainability is that the concept that something (e.g. agriculture, fishing, or maybe preparation of food) is finished in an exceedingly way that’s not wasteful of our natural resources and might be continued into the long run without being detrimental to our surroundings or health. Sustainable gastronomy, therefore, means cuisine that takes under consideration where the ingredients are from, how the food is grown, and the way it gets to our markets and eventually to our plates. The UN (United Nations) General Assembly adopted on 21st December 2016 a resolution designating 18th June as a world observance, Sustainable Gastronomy Day. The choice acknowledges gastronomy as a cultural expression associated with the natural and cultural diversity of the planet. It also reaffirms that every one culture and civilizations are contributors and crucial enablers of sustainable development. Sustainable gastronomy can play a job because of its interlinkages with the three dimensions of sustainable development, in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by promoting agricultural development, food security, nutrition, sustainable food production, and conservation of biodiversity. As a part of the observance, the day acknowledges the social, cultural, and artistic expression associated with gastronomy and defines three dimensions of sustainable development people, planet, and profit.
The United Nations says several principals guide sustainable food production and consumption:
- Improving efficiency in the use of agricultural resources.
- Direct action to conserve, protect, and enhance natural resources.
- Responding to the changing needs of people, communities, and ecosystems is key to sustainable agriculture.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and also the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and also the UN General Assembly work to facilitate the observance of Sustainable Gastronomy Day, united with the Member States, UN organizations and other international and regional bodies, likewise as civil society, to watch the Day in raising public awareness of its contribution to sustainable development. As for the FAO, the Organization promotes green culture diets that don’t seem to be only healthy, but sustainable and suggests that countries that have already got dietary guidelines should begin to think about a process of incorporating sustainability into them.