Introduction: A village is a perfect place to live if we are in search of harmony with nature. Villages may appear green, serene, and pollution-free however life in these places can be quite challenging. People have everything for their minimum requirements of life. Villagers are just satisfied with the necessities of their living. They are always provided with fresh fruit, vegetables, fish, water, and clear air. There has been a lot of technological advancement in the last few decades. We are enjoying a comfortable life in the cities and have access to everything that makes our life convenient. However, the villagers don’t enjoy such comfort and convenience due to the lack of modern facilities.
Life in rural areas is thought to be slower-paced, resulting in lower levels of anxiety and a greater sense of relaxation. For these and other reasons, rural residents exhibit better mental health on the average than do urban residents.
Problems of Villages:
Here is a look at the problems of villages:
- Poor Infrastructure – The infrastructure in villages is not good. The roads and bridges are not built properly and this hampers their connectivity with towns and cities which is a hindrance in establishing good business. Schools and hospitals in the villages lack good staff as well as facilities. Many villages do not have a power supply or face a lot of power cuts. Communicating with people living in other areas can also get quite difficult for the villagers due to poor telecom infrastructure in these areas. Sanitation is another grave problem in villages.
- No Importance to Education – Many villages do not have schools. Thus, people in villages do not get a chance to seek education. Even those villages that do have schools do not see much attendance as people in villages do not understand the importance of education. They engage their children in household activities or farming just to have helping hands.
- Patriarchal Structure – In villages, men are considered to be the head of the family and the women in the house must follow their instructions. All the decisions are taken by the male members of the family. Women are mostly confined only to the kitchen and other household chores. They are not allowed to go out and work. They cannot even express their feelings or opinions about anything. The cases of female foeticide in the Indian villages are also quite high.
Solutions to the Problems:
Here are the solutions to the problems faced by the people living in villages:
- Education should be Made Compulsory – The government must make education compulsory for everyone. Good schools should be opened in villages and the government should ensure that no child in any village remains uneducated.
- Adult Education – Adult education should also be promoted. Night schools must be opened for this purpose and adults must be encouraged to seek education. This is of utmost importance as only when the adults are educated they would understand the importance of education and educate their children.
- Roads must be Built – Roads and bridges should be built so that there is proper connectivity between the villages and cities. This will encourage the farmers and artisans to expand their business and make healthcare facilities easily approachable to villagers.
- Power Supply a Must – In today’s times, it is impossible to grow and develop a region if there is no power supply or constant power cuts. This is one of the most basic things needed to progress in any field. Thus, the government must ensure that people in villages are not devoid of it.
- Sanitation Facility – In order to maintain proper hygiene and good health, it is essential to have good sanitation facility. The government must promote the need to have a good sanitation facility and must also ensure each village has it.
- Better Healthcare Facilities – There is a dire need to provide good healthcare facilities in every region. The government must ensure that every village is equipped with good hospitals and well educated and experienced healthcare staff.
In spite of everything good that the village can give us, there are a lot of important things that rural areas lack. Peasants lack the utilities and convenience a more developed area can offer, such as hospitals, stores, police stations, firefighters, public health, mass education, proper cell phone coverage, and internet access. So, there should be some progress in rural areas in order to make such places more pleasant and comfortable to live.
Conclusion: There are a number of serious problems being faced by the villagers. People in the villages are devoid of various facilities which are a hindrance to their development. The government must make efforts to facilitate the villages with modern facilities so that the people living in those areas can also enjoy a clean and comfortable life.