Urban horticulture is a means of utilizing every little space available in cities amidst buildings and other constructions for growing plants. It specifically is the study of the relationship between plants and the urban environment. It is the cultivation of vegetables, fruits, aromatic plants, or medicinal herbs, among other things, outside or in enclosed spaces on a domestic scale. It utilizes this space to raise gardens that can be economically productive while contributing to environmental greening. It focuses on the functional use of horticulture so as to maintain and improve the surrounding urban area. It can boost food and ornamental plant production, provide job opportunities, promote green space development, waste recycling, and urban landscaping, and result in an improved environment.
Urban horticulture is the cultivation of vegetables, fruits, aromatic plants, or medicinal herbs, among other things, outside or in enclosed spaces on a domestic scale.
Urban agriculture is changing the landscape in cities, with thousands of small-scale operations proliferating that are growing plants and raising animals either at ground level or on rooftops and terraces. With the expansion of cities and rapid urbanization, this field of study is large and complex and its study has only recently gained momentum. It has an undeniable relationship to production horticulture in that fruits, vegetables, and other plants are grown for harvest, aesthetic, architectural, recreational, and psychological purposes, but it extends far beyond these benefits.
The value of plants in the urban environment has yet to be thoroughly researched or quantified.
Common Urban Horticulture Types –
- Terrace Gardening: Terrace Gardening is nothing about growing vegetable and ornamental plants on the Terrace. Roof Gardening is also Terrace Gardening’s famous name.
- Vegetable Gardening: Another name for Vegetable Garden is Kitchen Garden and Backyard Gardening.
- Balcony Gardening: The City Apartments have very little space. Balcony Gardening grows on the balcony with plants. This will serve the purpose of leisure.
- Green Parks: Green Parks is another part of this latest technology.
- Guerilla Gardening: Growing plants are called Guerilla Gardening in the form of buses in areas that are of no interest.
- Allotment Gardens: The government is allowing some land just to start a garden.
- Community Gardens: This is pretty much similar to the Allotment Gardens. A huge piece of land is being used for these Allotment Gardens and they are growing vegetables and fruit crops.