Gamma Tauri – a Multiple Star System Located in the Constellation Taurus

Gamma Tauri is a multiple star system in the Taurus constellation. It is a star of the type Giant Star. It is also known as Prima Hyadum. Gamma Tauri A is a bright yellow star. According to the spectral type recorded in the Hipparcos star catalogue, it is a G8III giant star. Gamma Tauri A is 13.4 times the size of the Sun. It is the main star in the constellation Taurus and forms the outline of the constellation.

The tip of the “V” in Taurus is either a solitary, binary, or double star (the Washington Double Star Catalog refers to it as a “Dubious Double” or “Bogus Binary”). It is a member of the Hyades star cluster, the nearest open cluster to the Sun, and is located about 2.5 parsecs from its center. Gamma Tauri is approximately 154 light-years from the Sun, according to parallax measurements.

When viewed as a pair of stars, the two components are known as Gamma Tauri A (officially named Prima Hyadum /pram hadm/, the system’s traditional name) and B. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.65, which is a measurement of the star’s brightness as seen from Earth. Visual Magnitude is another name for Apparent Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, the absolute magnitude would be 0.28. If you used the 2007 Parallax value, the absolute magnitude would be 0.18.

Properties

Gamma Tauri is a G8 or K0 spectral class giant star with an apparent magnitude of +3.65. This star has passed through the main sequence phase and is now a red clump giant, which means it gets its energy from the nuclear fusion of helium at its core. Gamma Tauri’s age is estimated to be between 430 million and 530 million years old. In comparison, the age of the Hyades cluster is approximately 625 million years, with a margin of error of 50 million years.

The angular diameter of this star was measured to a precision of 2% using the CHARA array. After adjusting for limb darkening, the stellar radius is 13.4 times that of the Sun. The star has 85 times the luminosity of the Sun and 2.7 times the mass of the Sun. It takes approximately 253 days to complete a rotation due to its large size and low projected rotational velocity of 4 km s-1.