This article deeply describe on Bioprospecting. Bioprospecting concept included in exploration and research on indigenous knowledge related to the utilization and management of biological resources. It involve biopiracy, the exploitative appropriation of indigenous forms of knowledge by commercial actors, and also includes the search for previously unknown compounds in organisms that have never been used in traditional medicine before. Bioprospecting touches upon the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources and the rights of local and indigenous communities.