This article focus to Discuss Various Types of Microscopes. Various kinds of microscopes are around for use in the microbiology research laboratory. The microscopes have assorted applications and modifications that contribute to their usefulness. The lighting microscope. The common light microscope found in the laboratory is known as a compound microscope because doing so contains two types involving lenses that function to magnify an object. The lens closest to the eye is called this ocular, while the lens closest to the object is called the objective.