Basic objective of this lecture is to present on Xerophytes. This lecture briefly describe on to take measurements of leaves + see if xerophytes have a different pattern of mass loss and learn about the adaptations xerophytes have. A xerophyte is a species of plant that has adapted to survive in an environment with little liquid water, such as a desert or an ice- or snow-covered region in the Alps or the Arctic. Stomata sunken in pits creates local humidity/decreases exposure to air currents. Presence of hairs creates local humidity next to leaf/decreases exposure to air currents by reducing flow around stomata.