Standard forms and Integrated Circuits

Broad purpose of this lecture is to presentation on Standard forms and Integrated Circuits. Integrated circuits are few electronic circuits on a single small plate of semiconductor material, typically silicon. This might be made much smaller compared to a discrete circuit produced from independent components. Integrated Circuits might be made very small, having up a number of billion transistors and also other electronic components within the area how big is a fingernail. The width of each conducting line inside a circuit can be made smaller and smaller for the reason that technology advances; in 2008 it dropped below 100 nanometers now is tens of nanometers.