Cleveite is an impure radioactive variety of uraninite containing uranium and found in Norway. It has the composition UO2 with about 10% of the uranium substituted by rare-earth elements. It is a mineral closely allied to uraninite, but containing some yttrium, erbium, and other rare substances, found in Norway. It was named after Swedish chemist Per Teodor Cleve.

Mineral Data

  • Variety of: Uraninite
  • Hardness: 0.0

Cleveite was the first known terrestrial source of helium, which is created over time by alpha decay of the uranium and accumulates trapped (occluded) within the mineral.

The first sample of helium was obtained by William Ramsay in 1895 when he treated a sample of the mineral with acid. Cleve and Abraham Langlet succeeded in isolating helium from cleveite at about the same time. It is a radioactive crystalline variety of uraninite, found in Norway. It is containing up to 10 percent rare earth elements

Yttrogummite is a variant of cleveite also found in Norway.


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