Ikranite is a member of the eudialyte group, named after the Shubinov Institute of Crystallography of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Formula – (Na,H3O)15(Ca,Mn,REE)6Fe23+ Zr3([ ],Zr)([ ],Si)Si24O66(O,OH)6Cl2-3H2O. It is a trigonal-ditrigonal pyramidal brownish yellow mineral containing calcium, cerium, chlorine, fluorine, hafnium, hydrogen, iron, lanthanum, manganese, neodymium, niobium, oxygen, potassium, silicon, sodium, strontium, titanium, and zirconium. It is a cyclosilicate mineral that shows trigonal symmetry with the space group R3m, and is often seen with a pseudo-hexagonal habit.
- Category: Cyclosilicate (Eudialyte group)
- Formula: (Na,H3O)15(Ca,Mn,REE)6Fe23+ Zr3([ ],Zr)([ ],Si)Si24O66(O,OH)6Cl2-3H2O
- Crystal system: Trigonal
- Crystal class: Ditrigonal pyramidal (3m)
Ikranite appears as translucent and ranges in color from yellow to a brownish yellow. This mineral ranks a 5 on Mohs Scale of Hardness, though it is considered brittle, exhibiting conchoidal fracture when broken.
- Color: Yellow to brownish yellow
- Crystal habit: Pseudo-hexagonal
- Cleavage: None
- Fracture: Conchoidal
- Tenacity: Brittle
- Mohs scale hardness: 5
- Luster: Vitreous
- Streak: White
- Diaphaneity: Transparent
- Density: 2.82 g/cm3
Ikranite was first discovered on Mount Karnasurt (Kola Peninsula) in an agpaitic pegmatite, in the form of 1–2 cm grains. It is commonly associated with microcline, nepheline, lorenzenite, murmanite, lamprophyllite, and arfvedsonite. Tetranatrolite, and halloysite can also be found with it, though they occur at a later stage.