Socialization is known as the process of inducting the individual into the social world. It is the means by which human infants begin to acquire the skills necessary to perform as functioning members of their society. The term socialization refers to the process of interaction through which the growing individual learns the habits, attitudes, values, and beliefs of the social group into which he has been born.
Procedures of Socialization
The process of socialization starts from the very birth of the child. But that he lacks that essential element of the social life. As he grows, he molds himself according to the needs of the society.
At a time of birth child only have “Natural Instincts”, but later on in most make on development according to needs of society. Socialization process could be studied on following points;
Rearing up: Bringing Up
They may parent rear their child, the way he shall grow and acquire qualities and traits that are a result of that way of rearing up.
The child develops a feeling of identification from a family which in term develops with him maintain of language, a way of living values etc.
From family to school, peers the child marked with social teaching. According to Miller Dolard, this social teaching is based on following four elements.
Perceiving the situation
An individual at any age has to change his or her behavior pattern according to the situation. This process of perceiving is helpful in acquiring of social ideas.
Mutual Behavior and Cooperation
When an individual comes in contact with other, got influenced by the mutual corporation, the social qualities also develop in the individual. This is another way of developing social qualities and organizing the social personality.
The child also tries to adjust himself to social needs according to the suggestions from others. Generally, these suggestions are received from family, peer group, school and other agencies of socialization.
Reward or Punishment
If acted according to social values and ideals have to get record and punishment if act against the interest of society.