Rastsveatevite is a rare mineral of the eudialyte group with the formula Na27K8Ca12Fe3Zr6Si4[Si3O9]4[Si9O27]4(O, OH, H2O)6Cl2. It is a trigonal-ditrigonal pyramidal pink mineral containing calcium, chlorine, hydrogen, iron, oxygen, potassium, silicon, sodium, and zirconium. Its structure is modular.
- Category: Silicate mineral, Cyclosilicate
- Formula: Na27K8Ca12Fe3Zr6Si4[Si3O9]4[Si9O27]4(O,OH,H2O)6Cl2
- Crystal system: Trigonal
- Crystal class: Ditrigonal pyramidal (3m)
It is only the third member of the group after andrianovite and davinciite with essential (site-dominating) potassium. Potassium and sodium enter both N4 and M2 sites. The mineral is named after Russian crystallographer Ramiza K. Rastsvetaeva.
- Color: Reddish-pink
- Crystal habit: irregular grains
- Fracture: Conchoidal
- Tenacity: Brittle
- Mohs scale hardness: 5-6
- Luster: Vitreous
- Streak: White
- Diaphaneity: Transparent
- Density: 2.86 g/cm3 (measured)
- Optical properties: Uniaxial (+)
Occurrence and association
Rastsvetaevite was originally found in hyperagpaitic (ultra-alkaline) pegmatite at Mt. Rasvumchorr, Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Associated minerals are aegirine, nacaphite, nepheline, natrite, schcherbakovite, sodalite, villiaumite, and rasvumite.