Bucharest (UK: /ˌbuːkəˈrɛst/ BOO-kə-REST, US: /ˈbuːkərɛst/ -rest; Romanian: București (bukuˈreʃtʲ)) city and municipality, the economic, administrative, and cultural center of Romania. For most people who think of the region only as Dracula’s birthplace, Bucharest is a very off-the-beaten-path destination. The city is located in the southeast of the country, at 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E, on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 60 km (37.3 mi) north of the Danube River and the Bulgarian border.
Bucharest is today a thriving metropolis, Romania’s largest city, and capital. This city is so much more than it meets the eye with its history dating back to Roman times, a rich diverse culture, and a chance to experience a post-communist world. Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459; it became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the center of Romanian media, culture, and art. Its architecture is a mix of historical (Neoclassical and Art Nouveau), interbellum (Bauhaus, and Art Deco), communist-era, and modern.
In 1821 Bucharest was the center of a well-liked uprising, led by the Walachian national hero Tudor Vladimirescu, which ended Phanariote rule. Again, in 1848 and 1859, civic unrest within the city played a component in bringing about the union of Walachia and Moldavia, followed in 1862 by the proclamation of Bucharest because of the capital of the Romanian state. within the period between the two World Wars, the city’s elegant architecture and therefore the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of ‘Paris of the East’ (Romanian: Parisul Estului) or ‘Little Paris’ (Romanian: Micul Paris).
The city Bucharest is a wonderful place to explore abandoned buildings that sit empty as a result of the confusion caused by the autumn of Communism. Town also offers a captivating old town good for exploring during the day and partying by night. In recent years, the town has been experiencing an economic and cultural boom. It is one of the fastest-growing high-tech cities in Europe, according to Financial Times, CBRE, TechCrunch, and others.
A collection of squares characterizes the modern city, from which streets and boulevards radiate. Economically Bucharest is Romania’s most prosperous city. The town has many large conference centers, educational institutions, cultural venues, traditional ‘shopping arcades’, and leisure areas. The two chief streets, running roughly parallel through the center of the city, are Calea Victoriei and Bulevardul Magheru. The city proper is administratively known as the ‘Municipality of Bucharest’ (Municipiul București), and has the same administrative level as that of a national county, being further subdivided into six sectors, each governed by a local mayor.
The city contains a sizable amount of churches, usually small, in Byzantine style. Bucharest parks and gardens also include Herăstrău Park, Tineretului Park, and therefore the arboretum. The foremost important centers for teaching are the Polytechnical University of Bucharest (founded 1818) and also the University of Bucharest (founded 1864 from institutions dating to 1694). There are many other smaller parks that should be visited, some of them being still large; Alexandru Ioan Cuza Park, Kiseleff Park, Carol Park, Izvor Park, Grădina Icoanei, Circului Park and Moghioroş Park are a few of them. Other large parks in Bucharest are: National Park, Tei Park, Eroilor Park and Crângași Park with Morii Lake.
In addition, there are several academies in both arts and sciences, yet as numerous research institutes. Bucharest has three central libraries (the Library of the Romanian Academy, the National Library, and therefore the Central University Library) and an outsized number of library units. Lake Văcărești is found within the southern a part of the city; over 190 hectares, including 90 hectares of water, host 97 species of birds, 1/2 them protected by law, and a minimum of seven species of mammals. Many of the city’s theatres as an example, the National Theatre “I.L. Caragiale” and also the Theatre of Opera and Ballet of Romania have long traditions.
Bucharest is traditionally considered to be built upon seven hills, similar to the Seven Hills of Rome; its seven hills are: Mihai Vodă, Dealul Mitropoliei, Radu Vodă, Cotroceni, Dealul Spirii, Văcărești, and Sfântu Gheorghe Nou. Among the other museums are the City of Bucharest’s Museum of History and the Romanian Art Museum, the latter holding significant collections of regional, European, and East Asian art. The city has a roughly round shape, and it has an area of 226 km2 (87 sq mi).
Manufactures include engineering products, notably machine tools and agricultural machinery, yet as electrical and automotive equipment, buses, trolleybuses, and a good sort of other goods, including trade goods. Unlike other parts of Romania, like the Euxine Sea coast or Transylvania, Bucharest’s cultural scene has no defined style and instead incorporates elements of Romanian and international culture.