The aim of this lecture is to present on World’s Last Great Wilderness: Antarctica. Antarctica is coldest, driest, windiest, highest, and least accessible continent. Winter population 1000 people, 10,000 in summer; 10,000 tourists visit for a few days in summer. it is ice covered for the last 25 million years and less than 1% of continent is ice free. it was once the home of dinosaurs, trees and plants. The Antarctic is the most rigorously protected region of the world.