Anxiety Disorder: Causes, Treatment and Risk Factors

Occasional anxiety is a regular element of life. You may suffer anxious when faced with a trouble at work, before taking an examination, or making a vital judgment. But anxiety disorders engage more than momentary concern or fear. For an individual with an anxiety disorder, the anxiety does not go absent and can get inferior over time. The feelings can obstruct with day by day activities such as job routine, educate work, and relations. There are numerous dissimilar types of anxiety disorders. Examples include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.

Signs and Symptoms

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: People with generalized anxiety disorder show extreme anxiety or worry for months and face numerous anxiety-related symptoms. Generalized anxiety disorder symptoms include:

  • Restlessness or feeling wound-up
  • Being easily fatigued
  • Irritability
  • Muscle tension
  • Difficulty controlling the worry
  • Sleep problems

Panic Disorder

People with panic disorder have frequent unpredicted panic attacks, which are unexpected periods of intense fear that may include palpitations, pounding heart, or accelerated heart rate; sweating; trembling or shaking; ambiance of shortness of breath, smothering, or choking; and feeling of impending doom.

Social Anxiety Disorder

People with social anxiety disorder (social phobia) have a marked fear of social or routine situations in which they expect to feel uncomfortable, judged, rejected, or fearful of offending others.

Anxiety Disorders Treatment

Anxiety disorder treatment is normally in the form of psychotherapy and is sometimes joint with medication. The exact treatment approach depends on the type of disorder; one or a combination of the following therapies may be used for most anxiety disorders:

  • Medication: Drugs used to reduce the symptoms of anxiety disorders include many antidepressants.
  • Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy or counseling addresses the emotional response to mental illness.


Risk Factors

Researchers are finding that genetic and environmental factors, regularly in interface with one another, are risk factors for anxiety disorders. Specific factors include:

  • Shyness, or behavioral inhibition, in childhood
  • Being female
  • Being divorced or widowed
  • Exposure to stressful life events in childhood and adulthood
  • Anxiety disorders in close biological relatives



Evaluation for an anxiety disorder often begins with a appointment to a primary care provider. Some physical health conditions, such as an overactive thyroid or low blood sugar, as well as taking certain medications, can imitate or worsen an anxiety disorder. A thorough mental health evaluation is also helpful, because anxiety disorders often co-exist with other related conditions, such as depression or obsessive-compulsive disorder. Often severe anxiety disorder symptoms and panic attacks are a warning sign and increase the risk of suicide