Textile wet processing consumes a large amount of energy. The present day scenario in the textile processing calls for the conservation of energy or usage of low amount of energy. This may be achieved by the various methods such as the use of radio frequency, Electro-chemical dyeing, microwaves, infrared heating etc. The use of ultrasonic waves and EM radiations is also one of the sources of getting energy which can be utilized in textile wet processing. Usage of water as solvent for chemicals is mostly because of its abundant availability and low cost.