### Heteroskedasticity A difficult term to pronounce is heteroskedasticity (or heteroscedasticity), but it doesn’t need to be a difficult definition to understand. It occurs when there are non-constant standard deviations of an expected variable, monitored over various values of an independent variable or as comp.....

### Bernoulli Distribution A bernoulli distribution is a discrete distribution of probability for a random experiment that has only two effects (usually called a “success” or a “failure”) in a Bernouilli study. The Bernoulli distribution, named after Jacob Bernoulli, a Swiss mathematician, is a discrete probability.....

### Binomial Distribution In an experiment or survey that is replicated several times, a binomial distribution can be thought of as simply the likelihood of a SUCCESS or FAILURE result. It is a probability distribution that summarizes the probability that, under a given set of parameters or assumptions, a value will take ..... We should have a greater understanding as business people of why trademarks are so critical for a successful trade. A trademark is a recognizable insignia, expression, term, or emblem that signifies and legally differentiates a particular product from all other products of its kind. Trademarks ar.....

### Compensation of Employees Compensation of Employees is the total amount an employee can expect to receive when working for an organization. It refers basically to the total gross (pre-tax) wages paid by employers to employees for work done in an accounting period, such as a quarter or a year. There are many different type.....

### Nonprobability Sampling This article describe about Nonprobability Sampling, which is a type of unit sampling where it is not known which of the units will be picked to be sampled, and where some of the units have a zero probability of being chosen. It is a sampling technique where the samples are gathered in a process .....

### Multistage Sampling Multistage Sampling is a complex form of cluster sampling. It is the probability sampling technique wherein the sampling is carried out in several stages such that the sample size gets reduced at each stage. It refers to sampling plans where the sampling is carried out in stages using smaller and.....

### Cluster Sampling Cluster Sampling is a type of sampling method, which is a technique that generates statistics about certain populations. It is often used in marketing research. It has a specific format required to obtain an appropriate sample, and though this sampling can help accurately gauge some information. .....

### Stratified Sampling This article talks about Stratified Sampling, which is a method of variance reduction when Monte Carlo methods are used to estimate population statistics from a known population. It refers to a type of sampling method. It has several advantages over simple random sampling. It ensures that at leas.....

### Survey Methodology Survey Methodology is the study of survey methods and the sources of error in surveys. It includes instruments or procedures that ask one or more questions that may, or may not, be answered. Survey methodology is both a scientific field and a profession, meaning that some professionals in the fie.....

### Systematic Sampling Systematic Sampling is typically involves first selecting a fixed starting point in the larger population and then obtaining subsequent observations by using a constant interval between samples taken. It is a type of probability sampling method in which sample members from a larger population are..... 